To help children with emotional distress adapt to school life, parents should take the initiative to contact the school. For the process, please refer to the introduction on the Hong Kong Well UK’s website.
要了解學校正為SEN學生提供了哪些支援，必須到學校網頁看他們的特殊教育需要資訊報告(SEN information report)，要求與校方會面時也可要求見特殊教育需要統籌老師 (SENCo)。
To find out what kind of support the school is providing for SEN students, please visit school website and look up their SEN Information Report. You can also ask to see the Special Educational Needs Coordinator while arranging for school visit.
According to the UK’s SEND code of practice, schools can set up different supports (such as individual education plans) for students with SEN. If your child needs more support, the school/parent can also apply to the local councils for the Education and Health Care Plan (EHCP). For details, please visit https://hongkongwell.uk/zh/what-is-ehcp/
In the process of providing support, parental participation and opinions are very important. The followings are some common supports for students with social, emotional and mental health needs (SEMH) in Hong Kong and the UK. Of course, not all of them are suitable for your child. In fact, the school might also arrange various adjustments according to resources and needs. This list, however, can be used as a reference for parents in communication with schools.
1. 學校常規和校園生活 School’s routine and school life
1.1 出勤 Attendance
Flexible school time/individual class schedule (e.g: arrange the student to participate in classes that he or she can manage, or is more interested in)
Flexibility in handling lateness/absences
1.2校園生活 School life
Provide a safe and quiet place to rest when the student feels tense and overwhelmed in order to reduce his or her anxiety.
When needed, assign a member of school staff to escort the student away from the classroom to an empty room to rest
Provide special supports or activities at break and lunch time
Encourage students to participate in special activities (e.g: festive events or performances); provide them with flexible arrangements or additional support according to their needs
1.3 特別座位安排 Special sitting arrangement
Sit close to the teacher
Arrange a suitable peer to sit next to him/her and place them in the same group
Arrange a quieter area for the student to sit to minimise unnecessary disturbance
2. 課堂的調適/支援 Classroom Adjustment/Support
2.1 教學調適及策略 Teaching Adjustment and Strategies
□ 教學調適，例如： □內容深淺程度、□施教的先後次序
Teaching adjustment, such as: □The levels of the classwork, □The teaching plan
Use a variety of teaching techniques and interactive classroom activities
Give brief instructions, repeat instructions when needed or give verbal or visual clues
Assign teachers/teaching assistants to provide support in the classroom (about ____ times a day/week/month, in _______ subjects), with 1:1/small group guidance
2.3 提升課堂參與 Improve classroom participation
2.3.1 課堂學習 Learning in the classroom
Observe the student’s level of participation, allow him/her to participate in classroom activities (e.g. group discussions) according to their abilities and status, and avoid students facing too much pressure
Create clear classroom structure so students can anticipate what they might be doing
Give advance notice when asking questions, so that the student has ample time for analysis, instructions or options to help him/her to respond; allow the student responding to questions in non-verbal ways, such as: nodding/shaking head, or pointing/writing the answer on the blackboard
Provide learning materials in advance, for example: give the student key points of the chapter to learn.
□ 為學生預備教材/工作紙，幫助組織資料，例如：視覺組織圖、寫作框等 Prepare textbooks/worksheets for students to help organise materials, e.g. visual organisation charts, writing boxes, etc.
Prepare notes for students to reduce the need for them to copy and reduce the pressure on memory, concentration and organisation
□ 容許學生在課堂內使用額外的學習工具，例如：錄音筆、計時器、iPads、網上學習平台等 Allow students to use additional learning tools in the classroom, such as recorders, timers, iPads, e-learning platforms, etc.
Frequent use of online learning platforms or online assessments
2.3.2 堂課 Class
□ 在進行堂課時，老師或教學助理透過示範或指導，協助學生開展工作 During the class, teacher or teaching assistant help the student in his/her work through demonstration or guidance
Arrange school staff to provide emotional support (format: individual/group; frequency: _____/month), such as social worker/Counsellor/Teacher/Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO)/Emotional Literacy Support Assistant (ELSA)/School Nurse/Other ______, to meet the student regularly, to understand their needs and monitor the progress
5. 功課安排 Homework arrangements
Reduce the amount of homework
Adjust the levels of homework
Extend deadlines or allow flexible deadline of homework
Allow various formats of answers such as oral report instead of written one.
Use online assessment
6. 測考調適 Exam adjustment
□ 安排在特別室進行測考/ 獨立考室應考
Arrange the student to conduct exam in special room or in room on his/her room
Special sitting arrangement
Extended exam duration
A break during exam
Exemption from some papers, question or school-based assessments
Extended or more pause during listening exam or extended time during oral exam
7. 安全評估 Safety assessment
Contingency plan when the student has radical behaviour that may cause himself/herself or others harms
□ 獨處的風險 The risk of the student being left unattended